The Indian Veena has a credible past back to the Rig Vedic age (3500-2500 B.C). Veena, one of the most ancient instruments finds a mention in the sculptures as well as literary works. The Veena is played all over India. It has two distinct playing traditions namely Hindustani and Karnatic. Bifacial drums - Pakhawaj and Mridangam - are used in these traditions respectively. Art of crafting this instrument is equally important and duly discussed in ancient texts.
Contributed by Prarthana, CEE Ahmedabad
Velakali is a spectacular martial dance performed by Nair men in some of the temples of southern Kerala. Specifically, this is performed as part of the annual festivities of the Ambalapuzha Sri Krishna temple in Alappuzha district. The origin of Velakali itself is associated with Ambalapuzha, where Mathoor Panicker, the chief of the Chempakasseri army, promoted this dance to instill a martial spirit among his troops.